Nuclear Folate Metabolism. Book uri icon


  • Despite unequivocal evidence that folate deficiency increases risk for human pathologies, and that folic acid intake among women of childbearing age markedly decreases risk for birth defects, definitive evidence for a causal biochemical pathway linking folate to disease and birth defect etiology remains elusive. The de novo and salvage pathways for thymidylate synthesis translocate to the nucleus of mammalian cells during S- and G2/M-phases of the cell cycle and associate with the DNA replication and repair machinery, which limits uracil misincorporation into DNA and genome instability. There is increasing evidence that impairments in nuclear de novo thymidylate synthesis occur in many pathologies resulting from impairments in one-carbon metabolism. Understanding the roles and regulation of nuclear de novo thymidylate synthesis and its relationship to genome stability will increase our understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying folate- and vitamin B12-associated pathologies.

altmetric score

  • 2.85

author list (cited authors)

  • Field, M. S., Kamynina, E., Chon, J., & Stover, P. J.

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Field, Martha S||Kamynina, Elena||Chon, James||Stover, Patrick J

publication date

  • August 2018