Relationships Between Instructional Quality and Classroom Management for Beginning Urban Teachers Academic Article uri icon


  • This mixed-methods study explores the differences in 1st-year urban teachers classroom management beliefs and actions. The teachers in this study were in their first year of teaching in an urban context concurrent with their participation in a teacher education program offered at a large public university. Using program-wide surveys of 89 elementary and secondary teachers and qualitative data from five case participants, this study explores teachers behavioral, academic, and relational beliefs and how these beliefs shape the actions used in managing their classrooms. Specifically, the participants focused on both student behavior and academics when managing classrooms and did not singularly consider enforcing behavioral systems for obtaining teacher authority. Even with this focus, some of the participants were more relational in their classroom management approach and actively searched for ways to build relationships with students. More relational classroom managers were associated with higher ratings of instructional quality. These findings speak to the need for future large-scale studies on the use of relational classroom management approaches and how those approaches relate to instructional quality.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 1.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Kwok, A.

citation count

  • 32

complete list of authors

  • Kwok, Andrew

publication date

  • October 2017