Identification and characterization of arginine finger-like motifs, and endosome-lysosome basolateral sorting signals within the Coxiella burnetii type IV secreted effector protein CirA
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Coxiella burnetii is an obligate intracellular pathogen that replicates in an endolysosome-like compartment termed the Coxiella-containing vacuole (CCV). Formation of this unique replicative niche requires delivery of bacterial effector proteins into the host cytosol where they mediate crucial interactions with the host. We previously identified an essential Dot/Icm effector, CirA that is required for intracellular replication and CCV formation. Furthermore, CirA was shown to stimulate the GTPase activity of RhoA in vitro. In the current study, we used a bioinformatics-guided approach and identified three arginine finger-like motifs, often found in Rho GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) and endosome-lysosome basolateral sorting signals associated with vesicle trafficking. When expressed in mammalian cells, mutation of either endosome-lysosome-basolateral sorting signals or the arginine finger-like motifs rescued stress phenotypes and decreased plasma membrane localization of ectopically expressed CirA. We further demonstrate that endosome-lysosome sorting signals are required for co-localization with Rab5 and Rab7. Collectively our data indicate that arginine finger-like motifs and endosome-lysosome-basolateral sorting signals within CirA are essential for interaction with the host cytoskeleton.
author list (cited authors)
Weber, M. M., Faris, R., van Schaik, E. J., & Samuel, J. E.