Effects of pre-strain on the compressive stressstrain response of Mo-alloy single-crystal micropillars Academic Article uri icon


  • A NiAl-Mo eutectic was directionally solidified to produce composites with well-aligned single-crystal Mo-alloy fibers embedded in a NiAl matrix. They were pre-strained by compressing along the fiber axis and then the matrix was etched away to expose free-standing micropillars having different sizes (360-1400 nm) and different amounts of pre-strain (0-11%). Compression testing of the pillars revealed a variety of behaviors. At one extreme were the as-grown pillars (0% pre-strain) which behaved like dislocation-free materials, with yield stresses approaching the theoretical strength, independent of pillar size. At the other extreme were pillars pre-strained 11% which behaved like the bulk, with reproducible stress-strain curves, relatively low yield strengths, stable work-hardening and no size dependence. At intermediate pre-strains (4-8%), the stress-strain curves were stochastic and exhibited considerable scatter in strength. This scatter decreased with increasing pre-strain and pillar size, suggesting a transition from discrete to collective dislocation behavior. 2008 Acta Materialia Inc.

published proceedings

  • Acta Materialia

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Bei, H., Shim, S., Pharr, G. M., & George, E. P.

citation count

  • 272

complete list of authors

  • Bei, H||Shim, S||Pharr, GM||George, EP

publication date

  • October 2008