Effect of intrauterine treatment with prostaglandin E2 prior to insemination of mares in the uterine horn or body. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Two trials were conducted to investigate the effects of intrauterine infusion of PGE2 and uterine horn insemination on pregnancy rates in mares achieved by breeding with a suboptimal number of normal spermatozoa. Estrus was synchronized and mares were teased daily with a stallion to detect estrus. Mares in estrus were examined by transrectal palpation and ultrasonography to monitor follicular status. On the first day a 35-mm diameter follicle was present, hCG (1500 IU, iv) was administered and the mares were bred the next day. Mares (Trial 1, n = 34; Trial 2, n = 28) were inseminated with 25 million total spermatozoa from either a stallion with good semen quality (Trial 1) or poor semen quality (Trial 2). In each trial, mares were assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups as follows: Group PGE-HI - infusion of 0.25 mg PGE2 into the proximal end of the uterine horn ipsilateral to the dominant follicle 2 h prior to insemination in the proximal end of the same uterine horn; Group PGE-BI - infusion of 0.25 mg PGE2 into the proximal end of the uterine horn ipsilateral to the dominant follicle 2 h prior to insemination in the uterine body; Group SAL-HI - infusion of 1 mL sterile saline into the proximal end of the uterine horn ipsilateral to the dominant follicle 2 h prior to insemination in the proximal end of the same uterine horn; or Group SAL-BI - infusion of 1 mL sterile saline into the proximal end of the uterine horn ipsilateral to the dominant follicle 2 h prior to insemination in the uterine body. After breeding, mares were examined daily by transrectal ultrasonography to confirm ovulation, and were re-examined 14 to 16 d after ovulation for pregnancy status. Data were analyzed by Chi-square. Overall pregnancy rates were 59% for stallion 1 and 29% for stallion 2. Group pregnancy rates did not differ for mares bred by either stallion (P > 0.10). Pregnancy rates were not altered by horn insemination for either stallion (P > 0.10). Intrauterine infusion of PGE2 improved pregnancy rate in mares bred by the stallion with good quality semen (P < 0.05), but did not alter pregnancy rate in mares bred by the stallion with poor quality semen (P > 0.10). Further research is warranted to determine if intrauterine infusion of PGE2 will enhance spermatozoal colonization of the oviduct and pregnancy rates in mares, and if PGE-treatment will improve pregnancy rates achieved by subfertile stallions.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

author list (cited authors)

  • Woods, J., Rigby, S., Brinsko, S., Stephens, R., Varner, D., & Blanchard, T.

citation count

  • 24

complete list of authors

  • Woods, J||Rigby, S||Brinsko, S||Stephens, R||Varner, D||Blanchard, T

publication date

  • June 2000