Wage Shocks and North American Labor-Market Integration Academic Article uri icon


  • This study uses household-level data from the United States and Mexico to examine labor-market integration. I consider how the effects of shocks and rates of convergence to an equilibrium differential are affected by borders, geography, and demographics. I find that even though a large wage differential exists between them, the labor markets of the United States and Mexico are closely integrated. Mexico's border region is more integrated with the United States than is the Mexican interior. Evidence of integration precedes the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and may be largely the result of migration. (JEL F15, F20, J61)

published proceedings

  • American Economic Review

altmetric score

  • 6.7

author list (cited authors)

  • Robertson, R.

citation count

  • 49

complete list of authors

  • Robertson, Raymond

publication date

  • September 2000