Heat stress screening of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) seedlings for acquired thermotolerance Academic Article uri icon


  • Heat can be one of the major abiotic stresses that adversely affect crop production worldwide at different stages of development. As field screening for heat tolerance can be inconsistent and seasonally-limited, it is important to develop a reliable protocol under controlled conditions that allows simultaneous screening of multiple genotypes. The objective of this research was to develop a straightforward laboratory protocol using acquired thermotolerance (ATT) in peanut seedlings as a measure of one mechanism of heat stress tolerance. Sixteen genotypes, including selected accessions of the US peanut minicore collection along with standard checks, were evaluated for acquired themotolerance in two independent experiments. A change in the temperature sensitivity of chlorophyll accumulation was used as an indicator of acquired thermotolerance. Pre-incubation at 38C for 4 h before the 30-min 50C challenge triggered the acquired thermotolerance system of the leaf disks, resulting in chlorophyll accumulation upon exposure to light. There was considerable variation among genotypes for ATT in both experiments. Genotypic ranking for mean ATT values were highly correlated (0.949) in both experiments. The effect of seed weight on ATT was not significant. This method is relatively simple and inexpensive and can be used to screen a large number of genotypes. 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Selvaraj, M. G., Burow, G., Burke, J. J., Belamkar, V., Puppala, N., & Burow, M. D.

citation count

  • 32

publication date

  • September 2011