Procyanidins B2 reverses the T-2 toxin-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in TM3 Leydig cells Academic Article uri icon


  • 2018 Procyanidins B2 (PB2) was found to block T-2 toxin-induced reproductive toxicity and may be used as a dietary preventive agent. We investigated the mechanism of PB2 in blocking the T-2 toxin-induced apoptosis in Leydig cells in conjunction with analysis of T-2 toxin induced proapoptotic responses in Leydig cells including induction of oxidative stresses. The stress inducible proteins ASK, p38 and JNK were increased in response to T-2 toxin and the induction was attenuated by PB2. Furthermore, we showed that T-2 toxin suppressed mitochondrial membrane potential, reduced the levels of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I-V, adversely affected the level of mitochondrial proteins CypD, Bax, Bak, Bcl-2, Bcl-xl, Bax/Bcl-2 and cyt c and these adverse effects were counteracted by PB2 in dose-dependent manner. In summary, our results showed great potential of PB2 in preventing T-2 toxin-induced toxicity in Leydig cells through its potent antioxidant property.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Functional Foods

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, J., Huang, W., Xiao, H., Xie, Y. i., Yuan, Z., Yi, J., ... Tian, Y.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Wu, Jing||Huang, Weimei||Xiao, Haisi||Xie, Yi||Yuan, Zhihang||Yi, Jine||Chen, Jingshu||Tu, Di||Tian, Yanan

publication date

  • January 2018