Developing Socio-Techno-Economic-Political (STEP) Solutions for Addressing Resource Nexus Hotspots Academic Article uri icon


  • 2018 by the authors. The challenge of meeting increasing water, energy, and food needs is linked not only to growing demands globally, but also to the growing interdependency between these interconnected resource systems. Pressures on these systems will emerge to become hotspots with different characteristics, and will require a fresh look at the challenges existing both within each of the resource systems and at their respective interfaces. Proposing solutions to address different resource hotspots must be multi-faceted and need to acknowledge the multiple dimensions of the biophysical water, energy, and food systems, and the players connected with them. This commentary first explores the multiple dimensions of water, energy, and food systems as these relate to government, business, and society. It then identifies contemporary critical questions at the interface of these stressed resource systems. A 3-Filter framework is then introduced for vetting the feasibility of proposed resource allocation scenarios and to account for the bio-physical resource interactions and trade-offs, the stakeholder interactions and trade-offs, and to address governance and financing schemes for carrying forward the implementation of those scenarios.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 5.85

author list (cited authors)

  • Daher, B., Mohtar, R. H., Pistikopoulos, E. N., Portney, K. E., Kaiser, R., & Saad, W.

citation count

  • 39

complete list of authors

  • Daher, Bassel||Mohtar, Rabi H||Pistikopoulos, Efstratios N||Portney, Kent E||Kaiser, Ronald||Saad, Walid

publication date

  • January 2018