Failure of portal glucose and adrenaline infusions or liver denervation to affect food intake in dogs Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Total liver denervations were attempted on 5 mongrel dogs. At the same time, the hepatic portal vein was cannulated with a polyethylene cannula which was exteriorized. Five sham operated, cannulated dogs served as controls. Both denervated and sham operated dogs returned to preoperative food intake within 8 days post surgery. After recovery, intraportal infusions of 6 to 25 g of glucose prior to food presentation in 23 hr fasted sham or denervated dogs resulted in no anorexia. The portal vein and jugular vein were cannulated in an additional 4 dogs. Jugular blood samples were taken prior to and after portal infusion of 20 g of glucose in 23 hr fasted dogs. Both jugular blood glucose and insulin concentration increased significantly 1 to 2 min after portal infusion. The dogs were presented with food 3 to 5 min after the cessation of infusion, yet they showed no anorexia. These same 4 dogs were given portal infusions of either 0.5 μg/kg, 1.0 μg/kg or 1.5 μg/kg of adrenaline after a 23 hr fast. When food was presented 10 min after the infusions were stopped, the dogs ate immediately showing no signs of anorexia. These results question the role or the existence of hepatic glucoreceptors in the control of food intake in the dog. © 1976.

author list (cited authors)

  • Bellinger, L. L., Trietley, G. J., & Bernardis, L. L.

citation count

  • 43

publication date

  • March 1976