Naloxone suppression of food and water intake and cholecystokinin reduction of feeding is attenuated in weanling rats with dorsomedial hypothalamic lesions.
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In Experiment 1, sham operated (SCON) and dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei (DMN) lesioned (L) rats were given saline or naloxone (0.1, 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg) just prior to the onset of the dark cycle, lights out. Compared to saline injections, naloxone at all doses suppressed the cumulative food intake of the SCON during the second and third hr of measurement. Naloxone was without significant effect on the food intake of DMNL rats. Similar results were obtained in Experiment 2, except that naloxone at 2.0 mg/kg significantly suppressed the DMNL rats' food intake by the fourth hr of measurement. Cumulative water intake of both groups was significantly suppressed by naloxone in both experiments but its effects appeared to be attenuated in the DMNL group. In a preliminary trial cholecystokinin octapeptide (3.0 and 6.0 micrograms/kg) given at the onset of the dark cycle significantly suppressed the food intake of the SCON group but had no significant effect on the DMNL rats. The possibility exists that the reduced food intake and lower body weight of DMNL rats may partially result from damage to an opioid system. The data also tentatively suggest that DMN may play a role in cholecystokinin-induced satiety.
author list (cited authors)
Bellinger, L. L., Bernardis, L. L., & Williams, F. E.
complete list of authors
Bellinger, LL||Bernardis, LL||Williams, FE