Somatic, endocrine and metabolic changes in controls pair-fed for six weeks to rats with dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus lesions (DMNL rats)
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One group of weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats received lesions in the dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei (DMNL rats), whereas two additional groups of rats were sham-operated (CON). One of these CON groups was allowed to feed ad lib (CON-ADLIB) while the other CON group was pair-fed for 6 weeks to the DMNL rats (CON-PF). Despite eating the same amount of food as DMNL rats. CON-PF animals had consistently lower body weights and also utilized food energy more poorly than DMNL rats. The CON-PF group also had smaller kidneys and less percent liver protein but more epididymal fat pad percent protein than DMNL rats. Whereas plasma glucose concentrations were comparable among the three groups, insulin levels were significantly higher, and free fatty acid levels lower in CON-PF than in DMNL rats. The CON-PF group incorporated less glucose-U-C14 carbon into liver glycogen but more of the tracer into liver lipid than the DMNL group. Glucose carbon was also incorporated more avidly into epididymal fat pad lipid by CON-PF than by DMNL rats. The data not only confirm previous findings in DMNL rats but in addition show that the neurologically intact rats fed the same amount of food that is eaten spontaneously by DMNL rats show somatic and metabolic alterations that suggest that they cannot cope with this low amount of substrate. The normalcy of the DMNL rats, compared to ad lib-fed sham-operated controls, in all metabolic parameters suggests that the low food intake is indeed "normal" for this preparation and may be the reflection of an "organismic" set point.
author list (cited authors)
Bernardis, L. L., & Bellinger, L. L.