Metabolic and neuroendocrine indices one month after lateral hypothalamic area lesions
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Mature male rats received bilateral electrolytic lateral hypothalamic area lesions (LHAL) or were sham-operated fed ad lib (CON-ADLIB) or sham-operated pair-fed/gained (CON-PF) to LHAL rats. One month later all rats were sacrificed. Rats with LHAL were hypophagic and had reduced body carcass fat, testes, livers, epididymal fat pads (PADS), diaphragms (DIA), and body weight compared to CON-ADLIB. In the liver, LHAL rats incorporated more C14-U-glucose carbon (GLUCINC) into lipid and glycogen than both CON groups, but GLUCINC was similar among CON groups. In PADS, LHAL rats oxidized more glucose carbon (GLUCOX) than CON-ADLIB but less than CON-PF/PG. The latter showed greater GLUCOX than CON-ADLIB. In DIA, LHAL and CON-PF/PG showed reduced GLUCINC into glycogen vs. CON-ADLIB. Plasma glucose was similar among groups, but insulin was lower in LHAL and CON-ADLIB than in CON-PF/PG. Rats with LHAL had lower plasma T3 concentrations than CON-ADLIB, but similar T3 levels compared to CON-PF/PG. Several of the metabolic changes in LHAL rats could be due to hypophagia; however, four out of nine metabolic indices, glucose carbon incorporation into liver lipid and glycogen and epididymal fat pad lipid and oxidation, were significantly different from CON-PF/PG, i.e., they were independent of food intake. Possibly then, they are due to a lesion effect other than on feeding mechanisms. Some aspects of metabolism that were previously found to be altered 48 h after LHAL were recovered, whereas others apparently were not.
author list (cited authors)
Bernardis, L. L., Awad, A., Fink, C., & Bellinger, L. L.