Hormone and somatic changes in rats pair-fed to growth retarded dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei-lesioned rats.
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Rats with dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei lesions (DMNL) are hypophagic and have reduced linear and ponderal growth, but have normal body composition and anabolic hormone concentrations. Previous studies have shown rats pair-fed to levels consumed (70-80% of ad lib) by DMNL rats, using a meal-feeding paradigm, have abnormal body composition and hormone concentrations. Whether the noted changes were due to restriction per se or method of food presentation was uncertain. In the present study, one group of sham-operated rats was pair fed (SHPF) by a computer-operated system that presented 45 mg food pellets in the exact amount and pattern as their DMNL yoked partner; another sham-operated group was ad lib fed (SHAD). At the end of Experiment 1 (11 days) and Experiment 2 (3 weeks) blood was collected for hormone and metabolite analyses; body compositions were also determined. Unlike an earlier report, the DMNL and SHPF groups had normal percentage body fat. Percentage carcass protein was similar in all groups at 11 days, but slightly elevated in DMNL rats at 3 weeks. Also, in contrast to an earlier study, plasma-free fatty acid levels were comparable in DMNL and SHPF rats. Plasma insulin was normal in the DMNL and SHPF rats at 11 days, but was lowered (p < 0.05) in the SHPF group at 3 weeks. Plasma thyroxine was reduced (p < 0.01) in the SHPF group at 11 days but returned to normal by 3 weeks. Thyroxine and triiodothyronine levels were normal in the DMNL groups. Plasma corticosterone levels were similar in all groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
author list (cited authors)
Bellinger, L. L., Castonguay, T. W., & Bernardis, L. L.
complete list of authors
Bellinger, LL||Castonguay, TW||Bernardis, LL