REACTIVE ION ETCHING PROCESSES FOR AMORPHOUS-GERMANIUM ALLOYS Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • This paper presents results on reactive ion etching (RIE) processes of amorphous germanium (a-Ge:H), germanium silicon alloys (a-GeSix:H) and germanium oxide (GeOx). Their process characteristics are compared with those of the amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) and silicon nitride (SiNx). Various combinations of feeding gases, i.e., from CF4, CF2Cl2, CH3F, and O2, over a pressure range of 100 to 300 mTorr and a power range of 500 to 1500 W were used in this study. The following conclusions are drawn from the results: 1) the a-Ge:H and a-GeSix etch mechanisms are similar to that of a-Si:H, but the former have higher etch rates than the latter; 2) a-Ge-Six:H etch rate falls between those of a-Ge:H and a-Si:H; 3) the GeOx etch mechanism is similar to that of SiNx; 4) although plasma phase chemistry, ion bombardment energy, and surface reactions are all important to the etch process, the film component selectivity is greatly dependent on the feeding gas; 5) to obtain a high etch selectivity between a-GeSix:H and PECVD SiNx a chlorine-containing gas has to be used; 6) RIE plasma damage to a-Si:H TFT is decreased when it is covered with an a-GeSix:H layer.

author list (cited authors)

  • KUO, Y.

publication date

  • January 1994