Gender Matters: The Influence of Acculturation and Acculturative Stress on Latino College Student Depressive Symptomatology.
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The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between acculturation-related variables with depressive symptomatology among Latino college students and the extent to which acculturative stress mediates the association. The extent to which gender moderates these relationships was also examined. Participants were 758 Latina and 264 Latino college students from 30 colleges and universities around the United States. Participants completed measures of acculturation, acculturative stress, and depression. Multigroup path analysis provided excellent model fit and suggested moderation by gender. Acculturative stress mediated the acculturation-depression relationship. One indirect effect was moderated by gender with effects stronger for men: Heritage-culture retention to depressive symptoms via Spanish Competency Pressures. Acculturation and acculturative stress contribute to depression differently for male and female Latino college students. Future research should note the influence of gender socialization on the acculturation process and mental health.
author list (cited authors)
Castillo, L. G., Walker, J., Zamboanga, B. L., Weisskirch, R. S., Park, I., Navarro, R. L., ... Caraway, S. J.
complete list of authors
Castillo, Linda G||Walker, Jo Ellyn OY||Zamboanga, Byron L||Weisskirch, Robert S||Park, Irene JK||Navarro, Rachel L||Schwartz, Seth J||Whitbourne, Susan Krauss||Kim, Su Yeong||Vazsonyi, Alexander T||Caraway, S Jean