Decorin binds fibrinogen in a Zn2+-dependent interaction.
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We have previously shown that decorin, a member of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan family of extracellular matrix proteoglycans/glycoproteins is a Zn(2+) metalloprotein at physiological Zn(2+) concentrations (Yang, V. W-C., LaBrenz, S. R., Rosenberg, L. C., McQuillan, D., and Höök, M. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 12454-12460). We now report that the decorin proteoglycan binds fibrinogen in the presence of Zn(2+). The fibrinogen-binding site is located in the N-terminal domain of the decorin core protein and a 45-amino acid peptide representing this domain binds to the fibrinogen D fragment with an apparent K(D) of 1.7 x 10(-6) m, as determined from fluorescence polarization data. Furthermore, we show that Zn(2+) promotes the self-association of decorin. The N-terminal domain of the core protein also mediates this activity. The results of solid-phase binding assays and gel filtration chromatography suggest that the N-terminal domain of decorin, when present at low micromolar concentrations, forms an oligomer in a Zn(2+)-dependent manner. Thus, Zn(2+) appears to play a pivotal role in the interactions and biological function of decorin.
author list (cited authors)
Dugan, T. A., Yang, V., McQuillan, D. J., & Höök, M
complete list of authors
Dugan, Tracey A||Yang, Vivian W-C||McQuillan, David J||Höök, Magnus