Failure of Chloro-s-triazine-Derived Compounds to Induce Estrogenic Responses in Vivo and in Vitro Academic Article uri icon


  • The estrogenic activity of simazine and atrazine was investigated in the immature female Sprague-Dawley rat uterus, the estrogen-responsive MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line and PL3 yeast strain. Atrazine and simazine (50 - 300 mg/kg 3) did not induce rat uterine wet weight, cytosolic progesterone receptor (PR) levels, or uterine peroxidase activity. In rats cotreated with 17-estradiol (E2) plus atrazine or simazine, there was some inhibition of E2-induced uterine PR binding and peroxidase activity. In MCF-7 cells, simazine and atrazine did not affect E2-induced cell proliferation, nuclear PR levels or luciferase activity in cells transiently transfected with the Gal4-estrogen receptor chimera and a Gal4-regulated luciferase reporter gene, and no antiestrogenic activity was observed in cotreated cells, while growth was observed on similar media supplemented with 1 nM E2. These results indicate that atrazine and simazine are not estrogenic.

published proceedings

  • ACS Symposium Series

author list (cited authors)

  • Connor, K., Howell, J., Safe, S., Chen, I., Liu, H., Berhane, K., Sciarretta, C., & Zacharewski, T.

complete list of authors

  • Connor, K||Howell, J||Safe, S||Chen, I||Liu, H||Berhane, K||Sciarretta, C||Zacharewski, T

publication date

  • December 1998