Impurity-helium solids: Chemistry and physics at 1.5 K
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Impurity-helium solids are porous gel-like materials held together by Van der Waals forces. They consist of impurity atoms, molecules or clusters of atoms and molecules, each surrounded by very thin layers of solid helium. Impurities studied include neon, krypton, and molecular and atomic nitrogen, hydrogen and deuterium. The pore sizes and cluster sizes in impurity-helium solids are determined by ultrasound attenuation and X-ray diffraction. The ESR technique is employed to study atomic impurities. The tunnelling exchange chemical reactions D+H2 HD+D and D+HD D2+H are observed. Large concentrations of atomic hydrogen ( 8 1017per cm3) are produced in these reactions. 2004 Plenum Publishing Corporation.
JOURNAL OF LOW TEMPERATURE PHYSICS
author list (cited authors)
Bernard, E. P., Boltnev, R. E., Khmelenko, V. V., Kiryukhin, V., Kiselev, S. I., & Lee, D. M.
complete list of authors
Bernard, EP||Boltnev, RE||Khmelenko, VV||Kiryukhin, V||Kiselev, SI||Lee, DM