Gender-based underrepresentation in computer science and related disciplines
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Traditionally, biological determinism served as a priori explanation for inadequate performance occurring in minority groups. Concurrent with this thinking, women were deemed to be naturally deficient in math and hence their large-scale absence from math-related disciplines. Lacking empirical support for nature-based arguments, current research relies on social determinism to test gender-based disparities in the pursuit of math. Although this latter model seems closer to reality, as evidenced by research results, this paper suggests that future studies must examine the issue from a choice-based paradigm. With work roles no longer based on gender, questions regarding women in math disciplines must be examined within choice-based models rather than those that emphasize environmentally determined criteria. We propose an integrated research model that includes choice as a critical causal variable.
author list (cited authors)
Hammond, T., & Hammond, J.