Direct cell cycle regulation by the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) kinase through phosphorylation-dependent release of Cks1 from FGFR substrate 2.
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Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are upstream activators of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and mitogens in a wide variety of cells. However, whether the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway solely accounts for the induction of cell cycle or antiapoptotic activity of the FGF receptor (FGFR) tyrosine kinase is not clear. Here we report that cell cycle inducer Cks1, which triggers ubiquitination and degradation of p27(Kip1), associates with the unphosphorylated form of FGFR substrate 2 (FRS2), an adaptor protein that is phosphorylated by FGFR kinases and recruits downstream signaling molecules. FGF-dependent activation of FGFR tyrosine kinases induces FRS2 phosphorylation, causes release of Cks1 from FRS2, and promotes degradation of p27(Kip1) in 3T3 cells. Since degradation of p27(Kip1) is a key regulatory step in activation of the cyclin E/A-Cdk complex during the G(1)/S transition of the cell cycle, the results suggest a novel mitogenic pathway whereby FGF and other growth factors that activate FRS2 directly activate cyclin-dependent kinases.
author list (cited authors)
Zhang, Y., Lin, Y., Bowles, C., & Wang, F
complete list of authors
Zhang, Yongyou||Lin, Yongshun||Bowles, Courtney||Wang, Fen