Temporal changes in inflammatory mediator concentrations in an adjuvant model of temporomandibular joint inflammation. Academic Article uri icon


  • AIMS: To determine temporal changes in the concentrations found in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and trigeminal ganglion of 3 specific classes of inflammatory mediators commonly linked with conditions of joint inflammation. The intent was to determine whether concentrations of the neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), the neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF), and the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta (IL1beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are altered in the trigeminal ganglion and TMJ tissues during various stages of adjuvant-induced inflammation of the rat TMJ. METHODS: Adult male rats received bilateral TMJ injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), while control rats did not receive CFA treatment. The trigeminal ganglion and TMJ tissues were collected at 2 days, and 2, 4, and 6 weeks postinjection and analyzed using either radioimmunoassay or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In the trigeminal ganglion, both CGRP and NGF concentrations were significantly elevated in comparison to controls from 2 days to 4 weeks; however, the patterns of increase differed. Concentrations of each inflammatory mediator were significantly elevated in the TMJ tissues of CFA-injected animals at 2 days and continued to be significantly elevated throughout the 6-week period. CGRP content remained at peak levels from 2 days through 6 weeks, while peak content for NGF, IL-1beta, and TNF-alpha was found at 2 days through 2 weeks. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the development of CFA-induced inflammation of the TMJ was accompanied by a variable increase in the concentration of different classes of inflammatory mediators in both the trigeminal ganglion and TMJ tissues, which implies that each class of inflammatory mediator may play a significant role during different stages in the onset and exacerbation of the inflammatory process.

published proceedings

  • J Orofac Pain

author list (cited authors)

  • Spears, R., Dees, L. A., Sapozhnikov, M., Bellinger, L. L., & Hutchins, B.

citation count

  • 53

complete list of authors

  • Spears, Robert||Dees, Lori A||Sapozhnikov, Masha||Bellinger, Larry L||Hutchins, Bob

publication date

  • December 2005