Evaluation of plasma time-activity curves of technetium-99m-mebrofenin for measurement of hepatic function in dogs. Academic Article uri icon


  • In this study, plasma time-activity curves of 99mTc-mebrofenin were used to quantify hepatic function in dogs before and after induction of hepatic damage using a hepatotoxic agent. Nine dogs were determined to be healthy on the basis of physical examination, laboratory data and hepatic imaging. Plasma samples were collected 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 minutes following a peripheral venous injection of 111-222 MBq (3-6 mCi) of 99mTc-mebrofenin. The area under the plasma time-activity curve (AUC) was calculated using two different methods and compared to direct measurement of the hepatic extraction efficiency. First pass hepatic extraction efficiency of 99mTc-mebrofenin was calculated from differential equation analysis of a two-compartment model following mesenteric venous injection of the radiopharmaceutical. In 7 of the original 9 dogs and 2 additional healthy dogs, plasma clearance and hepatic extraction efficiency determination were repeated following induction of hepatic injury by thiacetarsamide (3 mg/kg IV twice daily for 1 day). In one additional dog, hepatic injury was induced using carbon tetrachloride (0.3 ml/kg IP). Plasma time-activity curves of 99mTc-mebrofenin had kinetics of a two compartment model. Area under the curve was highly correlated with hepatic extraction efficiency. The AUC integrated from 1-60 minutes (AUC60) had the best correlation with hepatic extraction efficiency (r2 = 0.978, p < 0.001). A formula for calculation of hepatic extraction efficiency was derived using linear regression analysis: hepatic extraction efficiency = 105.583 - 3.099 x 10(5) x AUC60. Plasma clearance of a peripheral venous injection of 99mTc-mebrofenin is a simple, non-invasive, convenient method to quantify hepatic function which can be performed without a gamma camera.

published proceedings

  • Vet Radiol Ultrasound

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Matwichuk, C. L., Daniel, G. B., DeNovo, R. C., Schultze, A. E., Schmidt, D. E., & Creevy, K. E.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Matwichuk, CL||Daniel, GB||DeNovo, RC||Schultze, AE||Schmidt, DE||Creevy, KE

publication date

  • January 2000