Dose-rate evidence for two kinds of radiation damage in stationary-phase mammalian cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • Survival based on colony formation was measured for starved plateau-phase Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells exposed to 250 kVp X rays at dose rates of 0.0031, 0.025, 0.18, 0.31, and 1.00 Gy/min. A large dose-rate effect was demonstrated. Delayed plating experiments and dose response experiments following a conditioning dose, both using a dose rate of 1.00 Gy/min and plating delays of up to 48 hr, were also used to investigate the alternative repair hypotheses. There is clearly a greater change in survival in dose-rate experiments than in the other experiments. Thus we believe that a process which depends on the square of the concentration of initial damage, and which alters the effect of initial damage on cell survival is being observed. We have applied the damage accumulation model to separate the single-event damage from this concentration-dependent form and estimate the repair rate for the latter type to be 70 min for our CHO cells. Use of this analysis on other published dose-rate studies also yields results consistent with this interpretation of the repair mechanisms.

published proceedings

  • Radiat Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Metting, N. F., Braby, L. A., Roesch, W. C., & Nelson, J. M.

citation count

  • 24

complete list of authors

  • Metting, NF||Braby, LA||Roesch, WC||Nelson, JM

publication date

  • August 1985