Effects of geometry and pavement friction on horizontal curve crash frequency Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • © 2017, © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC and The University of Tennessee. Horizontal curves tend to be associated with a disproportionate number of severe crashes. Many treatments have been proposed to reduce traffic crashes and fatalities occurring on horizontal curves. The application of high-friction surface treatments is one among many treatments that agencies have been considering. However, relatively less research has been conducted on the safety implications of pavement friction improvements caused by these treatments. Before–after case studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of high-friction surface treatments, but pavement variables like skid number (coefficient of friction multiplied by 100) have not yet been incorporated into safety prediction methodologies. The objective of this study is to develop a crash modification factor (CMF) for skid number for all crashes, wet-weather crashes, run-off-the-road crashes, and wet-weather run-off-the-road crashes. A horizontal curve database from a southern state in the United States was used to accomplish the study objective. The skid number variable was found to be statistically significant, in addition to traditional variables such as traffic volume, curve radius, and cross-sectional widths. The CMF developed in this study can be applied to evaluate the safety performance of a curve of interest and estimate the potential safety benefit of installing a high-friction surface treatment.

author list (cited authors)

  • Geedipally, S. R., Pratt, M. P., & Lord, D.

citation count

  • 14

publication date

  • March 2019