Genetically encoded sensors for monitoring the transport and concentration of nitrogen-containing and phosphorus-containing molecules in plants. Academic Article uri icon


  • Nitrogen and phosphorus are macronutrients indispensable for plant growth. The acquisition and reallocation of both elements require a multitude of dedicated transporters that specifically recognize inorganic and organic forms of nitrogen and phosphorous. Although many transporters have been discovered through elegant screening processes and sequence homology, many remain uncharacterized for their functions in planta. Genetically encoded sensors for nitrogen and phosphorous molecules offer a unique opportunity for studying transport mechanisms that were previously inaccessible. In the past few years, sensors for some of the key nitrogen molecules became available, and many improvements have been made for existing sensors for phosphorus molecules. Methodologies for detailed in vivo analysis also improved. We summarize the recent improvements in genetically encoded sensors for nitrogen and phosphorus molecules, and the discoveries made by using such sensors.

published proceedings

  • Curr Opin Plant Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Okumoto, S., & Versaw, W.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Okumoto, Sakiko||Versaw, Wayne

publication date

  • January 2017