Impact of Exercise Training on Cardiovascular Risk and Anti-Risk Factors in Adolescent Boys Conference Paper uri icon


  • Adolescence is a critical period in the formation of cardiovascular risk factors (RF). Longterm exercise training has been found to be reversely related to RF levels in adolescents.PURPOSETo investigate the effects of training over a 12week timeframe on cardiovascular RFs in adolescent boys.METHODSForty two boys, including swimmers (SW, n=14), soccer players (SO, n=13), and a control group (C, n=15) (Age=11.81.38yrs; Ht=149.8.38cm; Wt=407.8kg) volunteered for this study. Fasting blood samples were obtained prior to initiation of training, at weeks 4, 8, and 12. A 34 repeated measures ANOVA with LSD post hoc analysis was conducted to determine the difference between three groups in total cholesterol (TC), LDL, HDL, TC/HDL, HDL/TC, LDL/HDL and triglyceride (TG).RESULTSResults showed greater reduction in LDL/HDL and TG in SO compared to C group (p 0.05). No significant difference was observed in TC, LDL, HDL, TC/HDL, and HDL/TC across all three groups.CONCLUSIONExercise training had a significant effect to lower LDL/HDL and TG in adolescent athletes. Participation in regular training is recommended for adolescents to improve cardiovascular RF profiles. Significant effects of training on TC, LDL, HDL, TC/HDL, and HDL/TC levels were inconclusive for 12week training period.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Koozehchian, M., Nazem, F., & Kreider, R. B.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Koozehchian, Majid||Nazem, Farzad||Kreider, Richard B

publication date

  • April 2013