Caballerismo May Protect Against the Role of Machismo on Mexican Day Laborers' Self-Esteem Academic Article uri icon


  • The current study examined the role of sociodemographic factors of income, education level, and immigration status, as well as bilinear Latino masculinity (i.e., machismo and caballerismo) on selfesteem among 70 Mexican day laborers. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed in the final model that immigration status was a significant negative predictor of self-esteem, whereas caballerismo was significantly positively related to self-esteem. An interaction effect between machismo and caballerismo suggested that caballerismo served as a protective factor against the role of machismo on self-esteem. In addition, findings suggested men who scored low or high on both machismo and caballerismo scored higher on self-esteem than men who scored high or low on one but not the other. Implications for practice and research are discussed. 2014 American Psychological Association.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 21

author list (cited authors)

  • Ojeda, L., & Pina-Watson, B.

citation count

  • 31

complete list of authors

  • Ojeda, Lizette||Pina-Watson, Brandy

publication date

  • January 2014