Person-centered planning: Characteristics, inhibitors, and supports Academic Article uri icon


  • Person-centered planning approaches have been recognized as important new tools in planning and delivering services to individuals with disabilities and their families. However, little research exploring person-centered planning practices and their outcomes has been published. The present study used a focus group to explore the perspectives of 9 participants engaged in one specific person-centered planning model, personal futures planning (Mount & Zwernik, 1988). Several themes emerged from data of the focus group. These themes included: (a) evolution of person-centered planning circles or teams; (b) inhibitors to the person-centered planning process, (c) supports to the person-centered planning process, and (d) longitudinal satisfaction with person-centered planning activities and outcomes. Specific examples and quotes given by participants of the focus group are included, along with discussions and implementation for additional research.

published proceedings

  • Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities

author list (cited authors)

  • Everson, J. M., & Zhang, D.

complete list of authors

  • Everson, JM||Zhang, D

publication date

  • March 2000