Self-determination and inclusion: Are students with mild mental retardation more self-determined in regular classrooms? Academic Article uri icon


  • Students with mild mental retardation (MMR) are increasingly served in general classrooms on a regularly basis. This trend provides them both challenges and opportunities to exercise self-determination. The current study investigated whether students with MMR demonstrated more self-determination behaviors in regular classrooms than in resource classrooms. Results indicate that these students demonstrated more self-determination behaviors in resource classrooms. Possible explanations of the findings, discussions of self-determination instruction, and suggestions for future studies are provided.

published proceedings

  • Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, D.

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, D

publication date

  • December 2001