Neurocognitive and behavioral profiles of children with Landau-Kleffner syndrome
- Additional Document Info
- View All
This is a retrospective study of 14 cases of children with Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), the most prominent feature of which is acquired aphasia. These children were followed at a tertiary care pediatric epilepsy center. From the research data base, all LKS cases with neuropsychological evaluation were extracted. Children ranged in age from 6 to 13 years (M = 9.12; SD = 2.19) at the time of assessment (1 to 10 years post-onset). The majority of the children were white males, and all but one continued to experience seizure activity. Global intellectual functioning ranged from 59 to 101 (M = 82.07; SD = 12.14). Across the 14 cases reviewed, the neuropsychological profiles are considered in the context of neurological and syndrome-related factors. For these cases, 86% demonstrated continued expressive, and 50% had receptive language problems with 57% exhibiting poor auditory processing. Furthermore, 50 to 57% had deficits in auditory working memory and verbal memory. Academically, the majority had poor reading fluency and comprehension; 50% exhibited difficulty with mathematics. Finally, 57% evidenced attentional or other behavioral problems. Better understanding of LKS can assist in targeted assessment and intervention planning.
author list (cited authors)
Riccio, C. A., Vidrine, S. M., Cohen, M. J., Acosta-Cotte, D., & Park, Y.