Genetic correlations among reproductive traits and uterine dimensions in mice.
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The objective of this experiment was to identify relationships among reproductive and uterine traits in mice having normal or crowded uterine conditions. Littermate females were randomly assigned to be either unilaterally ovariectomized (ULO) or to remain intact (C) and to be killed either 3 d after mating (PM) or 4 d after parturition (PP) in a 2 x 2 factorial design. Measurements taken were ovulation rate (OR) and uterine length (UL), wet weight (UWW), dry weight (UDW) and displacement (UDP) in PM females and number born (NB) and implantation rate (IMP) in PP females. Heritability estimates from full-sib correlations were .18, .01, .33, .04, .14, .47 and .06 for OR, IMP, NB, UL, UWW, UDW and UDP, respectively. Phenotypic correlations among uterine measurements were moderate to high and positive. Genetic correlations for C and ULO females for OR with NB were .62 and .73, respectively. Genetic correlations between C and ULO females were .53 for NB and 1.05 for OR. Genetic correlations of UL and UWW with NB were high for C (.70 and .59, respectively) and moderate for ULO (.47 and .36, respectively). Genetic correlations between NB and other uterine dimensions were lower.