Developmental analysis and computer modelling of bioengineered teeth. Conference Paper uri icon


  • Here we present the developmental progression of bioengineered pig teeth from 1 to 25 weeks of development. We demonstrate that 2-25 week implants contained embryonic tooth bud- and cap-stage tooth structures consisting of dental epithelium expressing the sonic hedgehog gene and condensed dental mesenchyme. Implants harvested at 18-25 weeks also contained tooth bud-like structures, as well as mature tooth structures containing enamel, dentin and pulp tissues. Immunohistochemical analyses confirmed the expression of dentin- and enamel-specific proteins in differentiated bioengineered tooth tissues. Three-dimensional computer modelling further demonstrated a spatial organization of enamel, dentin and pulp tissues resembling that of natural teeth. We conclude that bioengineered teeth commonly exhibit morphological stages characteristic of naturally forming teeth. Furthermore, the presence of immature tooth buds at all times assayed and increased numbers of bioengineered tooth structures over time suggests that porcine dental progenitor cells maintain the ability to form teeth for at least 25 weeks.

published proceedings

  • Arch Oral Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Young, C. S., Kim, S., Qin, C., Baba, O., Butler, W. T., Taylor, R. R., ... Yelick, P. C.

citation count

  • 39

complete list of authors

  • Young, CS||Kim, S-W||Qin, C||Baba, O||Butler, WT||Taylor, RR||Bartlett, JD||Vacanti, JP||Yelick, PC

publication date

  • January 2005