Coal-water slurry spray characteristics of an electronically-controlled accumulator fuel injection system Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • Experiments have been completed to characterize coal-water slurry sprays from an electronically-controlled accumulator fuel injection system of a diesel engine. The sprays were injected into a pressurized chamber equipped with windows. High speed movies, fuel pressures and needle lifts were obtained as a function of time, orifice diameter, coal loading, gas density in the chamber, and accumulator fuel pressure. For the base conditions (50% (by mass) coal loading, 0.4 mm diameter nozzle hole, coal-water slurry pressure of 82 MPa (12,000 psi), and a chamber density of 25 kg/m3), the break-up time was 0.30 ms. An empirical correlation for both spray tip penetration and initial jet velocity was developed. For the conditions of this study, the spray tip penetration and initial jet velocity were 15% greater for coal-water slurry than for diesel fuel or water. Cone angles of the sprays were dependent on the operating conditions and fluid, as well as the time and location of the measurement. The time-averaged cone angle for the base case conditions was 13.6°. Results of this study and the correlation are specific to the tested coal-water slurry and are not general for other coal-water slurry fuels.

author list (cited authors)

  • Caton, J. A., Payne, S. E., Terracina, D. P., & Kihm, K. D.

publication date

  • December 1993