Localized pointwise a posteriori error estimates for gradients of piecewise linear finite element approximations to second-order quasilinear elliptic problems
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Two types of pointwise a posteriori error estimates are presented for gradients of finite element approximations of second-order quasilinear elliptic Dirichlet boundary value problems over convex polyhedral domains Q in space dimension n ≥ 2. We first give a residual estimator which is equivalent to ∥▽(u - uh)∥L∞ (Ω) up to higher-order terms. The second type of residual estimator is designed to control ▽(u - uh) locally over any subdomain of Ω. It is a novel a posteriori counterpart to the localized or weighted a priori estimates of [Sch98]. This estimator is shown to be equivalent (up to higher-order terms) to the error measured in a weighted global norm which depends on the subdomain of interest. All estimates are proved for general shape-regular meshes which may be highly graded and unstructured. The constants in the estimates depend on the unknown solution u in the nonlinear case, but in a fashion which places minimal restrictions on the regularity of u. © 2006 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
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