Two-degree-of-freedom output feedback controllers for discrete-time nonlinear systems Academic Article uri icon


  • A discrete-time, model-based output feedback control structure for nonlinear processes is developed in the present work. The structure makes use of a closed-loop observer, while at the same time it guarantees that the overall feedback controller possesses integral action. An algebraic transformation is applied on the observer states to insure that the input/output gain of the observer matches the model upon which the static state feedback control law is based. The resulting control algorithm is a two-degree-of-freedom control law, in the sense that the output and the set point are processed in different ways. The control structure is shown not only to have the same properties as the standard model-state feedback structure, but also that it emerges from a model algorithmic control framework. Finally, a simulation example using an exothermic CSTR operating at an open-loop unstable steady state is used to evaluate the closed-loop performance of the proposed method. 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Wright, R. A., & Kravaris, C.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Wright, Raymond A||Kravaris, Costas

publication date

  • July 2006