Tsai, Jung-Tai (2013-08). VLSI Interconnect Optimization Considering Non-uniform Metal Stacks. Master's Thesis.
With the advances in process technology, comes the domination of interconnect in the overall propagation delay in modern VLSI designs. Hence, interconnect synthesis techniques, such as buffer insertion, wire sizing and layer assignment play critical roles in the successful timing closure for EDA tools. In this thesis, while our aim is to satisfy timing constraints, accounting for the overhead caused by these optimization techniques is of another primary concern.
We utilized a Lagrangian relaxation method to minimize the usage of buffers and metal resources to meet the timing constraints. Compared with the previous work that extended traditional Van Ginneken's algorithm, which allows for bumping up the wire from thin to thick given significant delay improvement, our approach achieved around 25% reduction in buffer + wire capacitance under the same timing budget.