Symbolic and International Perspectives on Leadership: An Integrative Framework Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper presents the development of a Symbolic Interactional Leadership model. The model integrates three emergent streams of thought, symbolic action, reciprocal interactions, and interactionalpsychology, into afresh approach which offers considerable advancement over simple, unidirectional, bivariate, static models. Implications for future theory and research are discussed. © 1987, Sage Publications. All rights reserved.

author list (cited authors)

  • Griffin, R. W., Skivington, K. D., & Moorhead, G.

citation count

  • 19

publication date

  • April 1987