The Late Endosome and Its Lipid BMP Act as Gateways for Efficient Cytosolic Access of the Delivery Agent dfTAT and Its Macromolecular Cargos.
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Endosomal entrapment is a severely limiting bottleneck in the delivery of biologics into cells. The compound dfTAT was recently found to circumvent this problem by mediating endosomal leakage efficiently and without toxicity. Herein, we report on the mechanism of endosomal escape of this cell-penetrating peptide. By modulating the trafficking of the peptide within the endocytic pathway, we identify late endosomes as the organelles rendered leaky by dfTAT. We establish that dfTAT binds bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate (BMP), a lipid found in late endosomes, and that the peptide causes the fusion and leakage of bilayers containing BMP. Together, these data identify late endosomes as desirable gateways for cell penetration and BMP as a cellular factor that can be exploited for the development of future delivery agents.
author list (cited authors)
Erazo-Oliveras, A., Najjar, K., Truong, D., Wang, T., Brock, D. J., Prater, A. R., & Pellois, J.
complete list of authors
Erazo-Oliveras, Alfredo||Najjar, Kristina||Truong, Dat||Wang, Ting-Yi||Brock, Dakota J||Prater, Austin R||Pellois, Jean-Philippe