Argon Nanoclusters with Fivefold Symmetry in Supersonic Gas Jets and Superfluid Helium
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© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. In this study argon nanoclusters (800 to ∼ 6500 atoms) formed in supersonic gas jets are compared to the nanoclusters stabilized in superfluid helium. High-energy electron and X-ray diffraction methods are utilized. Both techniques allow investigation of isolated clusters. It is shown that the theoretical prediction of the so-called multiply twinned particles with fivefold symmetry, such as icosahedra (ico) and decahedra (dec) is valid in the investigated cluster size interval. Around the point of the expected ico-to-dec size-dependent transformation at a cluster size of ∼ 2000 atoms, hexagonal ico and the statistical distribution of structures with a tendency for dec to replace ico are observed. Kinetic reasons, as well as temperature-related effects, could be responsible for the latter observations.
author list (cited authors)
Danylchenko, O. G., Boltnev, R. E., Khmelenko, V. V., Kiryukhin, V., Konotop, O. P., Lee, D. M., & Krainyukova, N. V.