Exaggerated coronary vasoreactivity to endothelin-1 in aged rats: role of protein kinase C. Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: The interaction between advanced age and increased susceptibility to ischemic insult is well documented. Age-related increases in coronary vascular resistance, in part due to impaired dilator responses, have been reported. Our aim was to determine the role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on enhanced constrictor responses in aged coronary arteries (CAs) and whether protein kinase C (PKC) signaling mechanisms impact ET-1 responses. METHODS: Vasoreactivity was assessed in CAs isolated from aged (24 months; n=16) and adult (4 months; n=21) male F344 rats following ET-1 (10(-10)-10(-8)) with and without specific ETA/ETB receptor antagonists (BQ-123, 1 microM; BQ-788, 30 nM) or the PKC inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide (Bis; 10(-6) M). Constrictor responses to KCl (80 mM) were also measured and voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) determined in isolated coronary smooth muscle cells. Dilator responses to acetylcholine (ACH) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were assessed. RESULTS: Passive diameter was greater (357+/-19 vs. 309+/-9; p<0.02) while spontaneous tone was similar in 24 months vs. 4 months. ET-1 resulted in greater constriction in 24 months vs. 4 months (79% vs. 67%; p<0.01). Group differences persisted following selective ETB inhibition with BQ-788 (p<0.02), while BQ-123 abolished contractile responses to ET-1. Importantly, inhibition of ET-1 constriction by Bis occurred in 24 months but not 4 months (p<0.01). Constrictor responses to KCl and peak VGCC current density were similar in 24 months vs. 4 months (48% vs. 50%). No age-related differences were observed in ACH- or SNP-mediated dilation. Western blotting revealed increases in Ca2+-sensitive PKCalpha, -betaI, and -betaII levels with age, while eNOS and ETA receptor protein levels were unchanged. CONCLUSION: Aberrant ETA constrictor responses and directional changes in PKC are likely to contribute to coronary vascular pathology with advanced age.

published proceedings

  • Cardiovasc Res

author list (cited authors)

  • Korzick, D. H., Muller-Delp, J. M., Dougherty, P., Heaps, C. L., Bowles, D. K., & Krick, K. K.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Korzick, Donna H||Muller-Delp, Judy M||Dougherty, Patrick||Heaps, Christine L||Bowles, Douglas K||Krick, Kevin K

publication date

  • May 2005