Neuropilin-1 is essential for enhanced VEGF(165)-mediated vasodilatation in collateral-dependent coronary arterioles of exercise-trained pigs.
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BACKGROUND/AIMS: Exercise training enhances vasodilatation to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF(165)) in collateral-dependent coronary arterioles. Interaction of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) and the non-tyrosine-kinase receptor, neuropilin-1 has been reported to potentiate VEGF(165)-mediated signaling. In the current study, we tested the hypotheses that neuropilin-1 mediates the exercise-enhanced VEGF(165)-mediated vasodilatation in collateral-dependent arterioles and that neuropilin-1 and/or VEGFR-2 protein levels are increased in these arterioles. METHODS: Ameroid occluders were surgically placed around the proximal left circumflex coronary artery of miniature swine. Eight weeks after surgery, the animals were randomized into sedentary or exercise training (treadmill run; 5 days/week; 14 weeks) protocols. Coronary arterioles (approximately 100 microm diameter) were isolated from both collateral-dependent and control (left anterior descending) myocardial regions and studied by in vitro videomicroscopy or frozen for immunoblot analysis. RESULTS: Exercise-enhanced VEGF(165)-mediated vasodilatation in collateral-dependent arterioles was reversed by inhibition of the VEGF(165)-neuropilin-1 interaction. VEGF(121), which does not interact with neuropilin-1, induced similar vasodilatation in arterioles from all treatment groups. Immunoblot revealed significantly elevated VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2 and neuropilin-1 protein levels in collateral-dependent arterioles of exercise-trained pigs. CONCLUSIONS: Neuropilin-1 plays a vital role in the exercise-enhanced VEGF(165)-mediated vasodilatation of collateral-dependent coronary arterioles and is associated with increased neuropilin-1 receptor protein levels.
author list (cited authors)
Fogarty, J. A., Delp, M. D., Muller-Delp, J. M., Laine, G. A., Parker, J. L., & Heaps, C. L.
complete list of authors
Fogarty, Jennifer A||Delp, Michael D||Muller-Delp, Judy M||Laine, Glen A||Parker, Janet L||Heaps, Cristine L