Adaptations of the Endothelin System After Exercise Training in a Porcine Model of Ischemic Heart Disease Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To the test the hypothesis that exercise training would increase endothelin-mediated vasoconstriction in collateral-dependent arteries via enhanced contribution of ET(A). METHODS: An ameroid constrictor was surgically placed around the proximal LCX artery to induce gradual occlusion in Yucatan miniature swine. Eight weeks postoperatively, pigs were randomized into sedentary or exercise-training (treadmill; 5 days/week; 14 weeks) groups. Subsequently, arteries (~150 μm diameter) were isolated from collateral-dependent and nonoccluded myocardial regions and studied. RESULTS: Following exercise training, ET-1-mediated contraction was significantly enhanced in collateral-dependent arteries. Exercise training induced a disproportionate increase in the ET(A) contribution to the ET-1 contractile response in collateral-dependent arteries, with negligible contributions by ET(B). In collateral-dependent arteries of sedentary pigs, inhibition of ET(A) or ET(B) did not significantly alter ET-1 contractile responses in collateral-dependent arteries, suggesting compensation by the functionally active receptor. These adaptations occurred without significant changes in ET(A), ET(B), or ECE mRNA levels but with significant exercise-training-induced elevations in endothelin levels in both nonoccluded and collateral-dependent myocardial regions. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these data reveal differential adaptive responses in collateral-dependent arteries based upon physical activity level. ET(A) and ET(B) appear to compensate for one another to maintain contraction in sedentary pigs, whereas exercise-training favors enhanced contribution of ET(A).

author list (cited authors)

  • Robles, J. C., & Heaps, C. L.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Robles, Juan Carlos||Heaps, Cristine L

publication date

  • January 2015

publisher