Modelling partially cross-classified multilevel data. Academic Article uri icon


  • This article proposes an approach to modelling partially cross-classified multilevel data where some of the level-1 observations are nested in one random factor and some are cross-classified by two random factors. Comparisons between a proposed approach to two other commonly used approaches which treat the partially cross-classified data as either fully nested or fully cross-classified are completed with a simulation study. Results show that the proposed approach demonstrates desirable performance in terms of parameter estimates and statistical inferences. Both the fully nested model and the fully cross-classified model suffer from biased estimates of some variance components and statistical inferences of some fixed effects. Results also indicate that the proposed model is robust against cluster size imbalance.

published proceedings

  • Br J Math Stat Psychol

altmetric score

  • 0.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Luo, W., Cappaert, K. J., & Ning, L.

citation count

  • 13

complete list of authors

  • Luo, Wen||Cappaert, Kevin J||Ning, Ling

publication date

  • May 2015