The Polymyxin Ceftazidime Oxford Medium as an alternative selective and differential medium for isolation of Listeria monocytogenes from raw or unpasteurized food. Academic Article uri icon


  • The Polymyxin Ceftazidime Oxford Medium (PCOM) was developed to recover Listeria monocytogenes from raw or unpasteurized foods. It contains esculin-ferric ammonium citrate as indicator system for Listeria growth, and ceftazidime and polymyxin B as selective agents, which are available in several Latin American countries. Comparison of PCOM, Modified Oxford Medium (MOX) and Tryptic Soy agar with 0.6% yeast extract (TSAYE) indicated that both selective media were equally effective at recovering four individual strains of L.monocytogenes (Scott A, V7, California and broccoli), and a mixture of these strains (LMM) (P>0.05). The ability of PCOM, MOX, TSAYE and TSAYE supplemented with 4% NaCl to recover heat, acid and freeze-damaged LMM was similar for all media (P>0.05). The PCOM proved to be effective at isolating colonies of LMM from inoculated raw beef chunks, unpasteurized orange juice, cabbage, and Mexican-style cheese by direct plating and by the US Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service enrichment method. Differentiation of L.monocytogenes colonies was easier on PCOM than on MOX for foods with high levels of background microbiota. Based on the evaluations performed on foods naturally contaminated with L.monocytogenes, PCOM was a more economical alternative than MOX for selective and differential isolation of Listeria from raw or unpasteurized foods.

published proceedings

  • Food Microbiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Martnez-Gonzles, N. E., Martnez-Chvez, L., Martnez-Crdenas, C., Cabrera-Daz, E., & Castillo, A.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Martínez-Gonzáles, NE||Martínez-Chávez, L||Martínez-Cárdenas, C||Cabrera-Díaz, E||Castillo, A

publication date

  • April 2014