Effect of oxygen vacancy on the improved photocatalytic activity of Cr -doped TiO 2
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© 2014 World Scientific Publishing Company. We employed ab initio calculations to study the effect of various defects on the structural, electronic and optical properties of anatase TiO2. Single Cr doping at Ti sites introduced isolated Cr 3d states in the band gap of TiO2. Charge compensated Cr doped model was introduced by simultaneously doping two Cr atoms at Ti sites along with one oxygen vacancy (Ti14O31Cr2). It has been found that Ti14O31Cr2 can narrow the band gap significantly and passivate gap states. Removal of the isolated Cr 3d states from the band gap and improved visible light absorption would effectively enhance the photocatalytic activity of Cr doped TiO2. Our calculations provide reasonable explanation for the previously reported experimental findings.
author list (cited authors)
Khan, M., Li, J., Cao, W., Mansoor, B., & Rehman, F.