Holding immature equine oocytes in the absence of meiotic inhibitors: effect on germinal vesicle chromatin and blastocyst development after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Academic Article uri icon


  • Holding immature oocytes before the onset of maturation simplifies oocyte transport and aids in scheduling later manipulations. We report here a method for holding equine oocytes in the absence of meiotic inhibitors. In Experiment 1, immature oocytes with expanded cumuli were cultured at 38.2 degrees C in medium containing cycloheximide, or were held at room-temperature in M199 with Hanks' salts, for 16-18 h before maturation. Control oocytes were matured immediately after recovery. Oocytes were fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection and cultured for 4d. Embryo development was not different among treatments. In Experiment 2, oocytes were treated as in Experiment 1, but embryos were cultured for 7.5d. Blastocyst development was significantly lower in the cycloheximide-treated group than in controls (7% versus 30%) with the room-temperature group intermediate (16%). In Experiment 3, oocytes were cultured at 38.2 degrees C in medium containing roscovitine, or were held at room temperature in sealed glass vials in a mixture of 40% M199 with Earle's salts, 40% M199 with Hanks' salts, and 20% FBS (EH treatment) for 16-18 h, before maturation, sperm injection, and embryo culture for 7.5d. Blastocyst development of oocytes in the EH treatment was significantly higher than that for roscovitine-treated oocytes (34% versus 12%), but not significantly different from that for controls (25%). Oocytes in the EH treatment did not mature during holding (70% germinal vesicle stage after 18 h holding). Whereas culture with cycloheximide or roscovitine of equine oocytes with expanded cumuli reduced subsequent blastocyst formation, these oocytes could be held in a modified M199 at room temperature overnight without adverse affecting meiotic or developmental competence.

published proceedings

  • Theriogenology

author list (cited authors)

  • Choi, Y. H., Love, L. B., Varner, D. D., & Hinrichs, K.

citation count

  • 69

complete list of authors

  • Choi, YH||Love, LB||Varner, DD||Hinrichs, K

publication date

  • January 2006