Redefining Agricultural and Extension Education as a Field of Study: Consensus of Fifteen Engaged International Scholars Academic Article uri icon


  • Definitions are in tension between historical and future meaning. Definitions also differ depending on the purpose and audience. This research engaged international scholars to develop a consensus definition forecasting international agricultural and extension education in the year 2010 and beyond with the intended purpose for guiding scholarship. Using the classic Delphi method, experts engaged in four rounds to develop and agree on a preferred definition for agricultural and extension education in an international context. From a submission of fifteen personal definitions, 95 stem statements were winnowed to 51 consensus statements agreed to by the expert panel. Researchers sorted the 51 statements by context, content, and condition; then, they crafted four prototype definitions of international agricultural and extension education. Provided with the prototypes, the expert panel members agreed on a professional definition that redefines the field of study based on constructs representing a sound conceptual foundation, while anticipating societal, technical, and client/learner needs.

published proceedings

  • Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education

author list (cited authors)

  • Shinn, G., Wingenbach, G., Lindner, J., Briers, G., & Baker, M.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Shinn, Glen||Wingenbach, Gary||Lindner, James||Briers, Gary||Baker, Matt

publication date

  • January 2009