Functional analysis of a G protein‐coupled receptor from the Southern cattle tick Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) identifies it as the first arthropod myokinin receptor
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The myokinins are invertebrate neuropeptides with myotropic and diuretic activity. The lymnokinin receptor from the snail Lymnaea stagnalis (Mollusca) has been the only previously identified myokinin receptor. We had cloned a G protein-coupled receptor (AF228521) from the tick Boophilus microplus (Arthropoda: Acari), 40% identical to the lymnokinin receptor, that we have now expressed in CHO-K1 cells. Myokinins at nanomolar concentrations induced intracellular calcium release, as measured by fluorescent cytometry and the receptor coupled to a pertussis toxin-insensitive G protein. Absence of extracellular calcium did not inhibit the fluorescence response, indicating that intracellular stores were sufficient for the initial response. Control cells only transfected with vector did not respond. We conclude that the tick receptor is the first myokinin receptor to be cloned from an arthropod.
author list (cited authors)
Holmes, S. P., Barhoumi, R., Nachman, R. J., & Pietrantonio, P. V.