Mode Shift Control for a Hybrid Heavy-Duty Vehicle with Power-Split Transmission Academic Article uri icon


  • 2017 by the authors; licensee MDPI. Given that power-split transmission (PST) is considered to be a major powertrain technology for hybrid heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), the development and application of PST in the HDVs make mode shift control an essential aspect of powertrain system design. This paper presents a shift schedule design and torque control strategy for a hybrid HDV with PST during mode shift, intended to reduce the output torque variation and improve the shift quality (SQ). Firstly, detailed dynamic models of the hybrid HDV are developed to analyze the mode shift characteristics. Then, a gear shift schedule calculation method including a dynamic shift schedule and an economic shift schedule is provided. Based on the dynamic models and the designed shift schedule, a mode shift performance simulator is built using MATLAB/Simulink, and simulations are carried out. Through analysis of the dynamic equations, it is seen that the inertia torques of the motor-generator lead to the occurrence of transition torque. To avoid the unwanted transition torque, we use a mode shift control strategy that coordinates the motor-generator torque to compensate for the transition torque. The simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the output torque variation during mode shift is effectively reduced by the proposed control strategy, thereby improving the SQ.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Huang, K., Xiang, C., Ma, Y., Wang, W., & Langari, R.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Huang, Kun||Xiang, Changle||Ma, Yue||Wang, Weida||Langari, Reza

publication date

  • January 2017